Counting Techniques
ALL questions below must be answered. Show ALL stepbystep calculation. Upload this modified Answer Form to the intellipath Unit 8 Submission lesson. Make sure you submit your work in a modified MS Word document; handwritten work will not be accepted. If you need assistance, please contact your course instructor.
Part A: Combinations and Permutations
 1.Differentiate between permutations and combinations. How are they different? What is the formula for each? (15 points total for Question 1)
 2.Each state has a standard format for license plates that includes a set number of alphanumeric characters. For this assignment, you can insert a picture of your state’s nonpersonalized license plate or provide a sample of the format in text. (20 points total for Question 2)
 a.Determine the number of different license plates that can be created using this format. Assume that a license plate consists of seven alphanumeric characters using numbers (0–9) and capital letters (A–Z). Find how many unique license plates can be printed using all alphanumeric characters only once.
 b.You and a friend are witnesses of a car accident in your state. But you can only remember a few of the first alphanumeric characters on the license plate.
 3.Your community has asked you to help the Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) sports director organize a season of sports. You need to put together the teams. For the soccer teams, athletes signed up with three different age groups. How many different ways can you organize teams of 10 for each age group? (15 points total for Question 3)
 For this set of exercises, you will need one standard sixsided dice. If you do not have one, you can use virtual dice: https://www.random.org/dice/ (40 points total for Question 4)
 a.First, differentiate between odds and probability.
 b.Reflect on the previous question’s answer outcome. First, convert the fraction to a percent.
 c.What if someone challenged you to never roll a 3? If you were to roll the dice 18 times, what would be the empirical probability of never getting a three?
 d.After 18 rolls, what would be the empirical probability of getting a three on at least one of those rolls? Also, list the likelihood scale term from the table above.
 e.Roll the dice 18 times and keep track of what is rolled in the table below. (2 points)
 f.Based on your dice rolls, what is the experimental probability of rolling a three, out of 18 rolls? Also, list the likelihood scale term from the table above.
How are they different? (5 points)

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Permutation Formula (5 points)

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Combination Formula (5 points)

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Your State’s Name (1 point) 
Ohio 
Picture of a License Plate from Your State (or a Sample) (1 point) 
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Describe the Rule for Your State’s Nonpersonalized License Plates (1 point) 
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Is this a permutation or combination? Why? (2 points) 
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What formula from Question 1 will you use to solve the problem? (1 point) 
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Solution: (4 points) 
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Show your work here:
How many alphanumeric characters do you remember? (1 point) 
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(Select a number from 2 to 5) 
What are the characters at the beginning? (1 point) 
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How many license plates start with these alphanumeric characters? 
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Show your work here:
How many license plates have been eliminated? (4 points) 
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Show your work:
Are these a permutation or combination? Why? (2 points) 
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What formula from Question 1 will you use to solve the problem? (1 point) 
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How many students signed up for soccer? (1 point) 
? (Select a multiple of 10, from 30 to 100) 
How many kids signed up for Little Tykes under the age of seven? (1 point) 
? (Select a multiple of 10, of at least 20) 
How many kids signed up for Big Kids between the ages 8 and 12? (1 point) 
? (Select a multiple of 10, of at least 20) 
How many kids signed up for Teens between the ages 13 and 18? (1 point) 
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(Select a multiple of 10, of at least 20) 
How many different ways can you create teams of 10 for the Little Tykes grade level? (2 points) 
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Show your work here: (2 points)
If age levels did not matter, how many different ways can you create teams of 10? (2 points) 
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Show your work here: (2 points)
Part B: Probabilities and Odds
How are odds and probability different? (2 points)

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What is the odds in favor ratio? (3 points)

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What is the probability of an event ratio?

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What are the odds of rolling a three? Simplify all fraction answers.

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What is the theoretical probability of rolling a three? Simplify all fraction answers.

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Percent Probability 
Theoretical Probability (Rounded to the nearest whole percent.) (2 points) 
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Next, given the likelihood scale table above, what term best describes your answer?

Likelihood Scale 
Term (2 points)

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Percent Probability 
Solution (Rounded to the Nearest Whole Percent) (2 points) 
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Likelihood Scale Term (2 points) 
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Show your work here: (2 points)

Percent Probability 
Empirical Probability (Rounded to the Nearest Whole Percent) (2 points) 
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Likelihood Scale Term (2 points) 
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Show your work: (2 points)
What do you notice about the answers for parts c and d above? (2 points) 
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Roll # 
Dice 
Roll # 
Dice 
Roll # 
Dice 
Roll 1 
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Roll 7 
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Roll 13 
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Roll 2 
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Roll 8 
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Roll 14 
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Roll 3 
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Roll 9 
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Roll 15 
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Roll 4 
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Roll 10 
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Roll 16 
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Roll 5 
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Roll 11 
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Roll 17 
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Roll 6 
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Roll 12 
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Roll 18 
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Percent Probability 
Experimental Probability (Rounded to the Nearest Whole Percent) (2 points) 
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Likelihood Scale Term (2 points) 
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Show your work here: (2 points)
With regard to the likelihood scale terms for each, how did this differ from both the theoretical and empirical probabilities? (2 points) 
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