In this Cultural Perspective, you are introduced to ways in which Western music has been influenced by exposure to other cultures. You also discover the conditions under which these cross-cultural contacts have occurred, from voyages of exploration to war.
From our perspective within an essentially European society, we often don’t think of the influence of other cultures. And yet many of the medieval world’s accomplishments in the fields of mathematics, medicine, philosophy, and especially in music resulted from these contacts. The recognition of this fact is sometimes met with resistance owing to justifiable feelings of pride in our own culture. But we need to ask ourselves some questions:
- Do we always recognize the contributions of other societies?
- Does learning about such influences take away from the luster of our own society?
- Given our political and economic strength, we often see those areas that contributed most as, at best, “developing” regions. Does that make us value their contributions less?
- Listen to popular music from other societies. What Western influences do you hear? What do you think were the conditions that brought about that influence?
- Find a musical dictionary and look up various instruments. How many of our modern instruments originated in other cultures?
- Ancient Greek Music
A brief introduction to the music of ancient Greece, with pictures and sound files.
- Ancient Greek Women’s Laments
A brief discussion of two ancient Greek songs concerning women’s laments with recommended recordings.
Task. Write your thoughts about the issue and what you have discovered.
- Research the topic in detail.
- Write a five page (double spaced) paper on your chosen topic.
- Paper must have a title page, including the instructor’s name, course number, date, title of the paper, and student’s name.
- This assignment must be typed.
- Your paper must be properly documented according to the MLA format/style (see link to MLA instructions below in “grading the paper” section) of documentation (parenthetical notes within the text of the paper and a works cited page at the end of the paper). (NOTE: papers that do not use the MLA format will not be accepted).
- Your works cited must contain a minimum of five different sources, including at least one book, at least two periodicals, and at least one encyclopedia.
- The paper must be submitted not later than the date specified in the syllabus.
- Before turning in the assignment, make sure to consult the checklist below.
Check list for Research Paper:
- My research topic is from the approved list of topics.
- My paper is typed.
- My paper is five (5) pages in length.
- My paper has one-inch margins (top, bottom, left, and right).
- I used a font that is no more than 12 point.
- My paper is double spaced.
- I have put a parenthetical notation at the end of each sentence in which I have taken ideas, opinions, or statistics from another source, or I have directly quoted another source (citing must be done using MLA format).
- All of the entries in my works cited page are cited within the text of the paper.
- I have provided a “works cited” page at the end of the paper listing all sources cited. (The page must be typed according to the MLA format).
- I have used a minimum of five different sources cited in this paper.
- I have edited the paper for spelling and grammar.
- My paper has a title page with the instructor’s name, course number, date, title of the paper, and my name.