The topic of your paper should be a problem or open question about AI closely related to one of the topics of the class. (And I have chosen a topic with the professor which is “Can Autonomous Vehicles Eventually Replace Human Drivers?“)
The paper has two parts: In Part 1, you spell out the relevant background of the problem you discuss, and explain what the problem is in some detail. In Part 2, you write your suggestion about how the problem you discuss might be resolved
The two main components of Part 1 of the paper are 1) that it provides the relevant background of the problem you discuss, and 2) that it explains in some detail what the problem is. Part 1 should be around 3000 words. Part 2 should be around 1000 words.
I have written a possible outline as attached, also a book as a source that can be helpful.